You need to visit the dentist every six months for your dental check-up and professional cleaning, the dentist may tell you that you have gum disease. Gum disease is an inflammation of the gum tissue that could affect the teeth and supporting bone in your mouth. Plaque bacteria, acids and certain foods all contribute to the development of gum disease.
Everyone experiences some form of plaque build-up. When you eat, tiny particles, acids, and sugars from the food stick to this film, creating a build-up on the teeth known as plaque. The bacteria that lives in this plaque can cause gum disease and tooth decay. Brushing, flossing, and regular dental cleanings will help remove the plaque and prevent more serious problems.
Scaling: Involves removal of Surface debris Such as Plaque, Calculus or Stains with an Ultrasonic or Hand Instruments. Dental scaling occurs with manual hand instruments, ultrasonic instruments or both. The dentist will start the procedure with a thorough examination of your mouth. Next, an ultrasonic scaling device will be used to eliminate the plaque bacteria with sonic vibrations. The device removes tartar (calculus), plaque and bio-film from the tooth surface and underneath the gum line. A manual instrument may be used next to remove the remainder.
Deep Dental Scaling: If you have pockets of 4 millimetres or more, your dentist will probably recommend “Deep Dental scaling” to remove the plaque beneath the gum-line and help treat the gum disease.
Root Planning: Root planning involves detailed scaling of the root surface to decrease inflammation of the gum tissue. The dentist scales the root surface to smooth out rough target areas, eliminating plaque and bio-film development.
Periodontal surgery: Periodontal surgery is treatment for any gum disease that remains after your dentist has cleaned your teeth. Gum disease is caused by the germs (bacteria) which live in your mouth. The bacteria stick to your teeth, irritate the gums and make them bleed. Gum disease can eventually destroy the gum and bone which support your teeth. You will have already received some treatment for your gum disease. This would have included teaching you how to clean your teeth thoroughly to remove the germs (plaque) above the gum. The dentist or hygienist will have cleaned (scaled) your teeth to remove tartar and plaque above the gum. But you still have some gum disease remaining which needs periodontal surgery to treat the gums and surrounding teeth and bone.