The term refers to the painless removal of a tooth or tooth roots with minimum trauma to the surrounding tissues so that the extraction socket wound heals uneventfully and without any post-operative complications.
Simple: A simple tooth extraction involves the removal of a tooth that is visible in the mouth. This could mean removing a badly damaged or decayed tooth, or removing teeth prior to getting braces. When you undergo simple tooth extraction, you will receive local anaesthesia. Local anaesthetic blocks pain, but mechanical forces are still felt. In most cases, over-the-counter pain medication is sufficient for pain management after these procedures.
Surgical / Impacted Tooth Removal: Surgical tooth extraction is an operation by an oral surgeon involving removal of teeth that are not visible, Partially Visible or Locked (Impaction) in the mouth, because they have not come in or because the tooth has broken off. If a tooth is buried in the bone, a surgical or trans alveolar approach may be required, which involves cutting the gum away and removal of the bone which is holding the tooth in with a surgical drill. After the tooth is removed, stitches are used to replace the gum into the normal position. You may also receive prescription pain medication for use immediately after surgical teeth-pulling procedures.
After any type of tooth extraction, be sure to follow your dental professional’s instructions for oral care, including the following tips:
Eat Soft Foods: Stick primarily to liquids until any anaesthesia wears off, and then limit your diet to soft foods for the first few days after a tooth extraction.
Sucking, such as through a straw, is to be avoided. If the blood clot is dislodged, bleeding can restart, or alveolar osteitis ("dry socket") can develop, which can be very painful and lead to delayed healing of the socket.
Smoking is avoided for at least 24 hours as it impairs wound healing and makes dry socket significantly more likely.
Take care of your teeth: Don’t brush the teeth immediately next to the area of tooth extraction on the first day after the procedure, but do brush the rest of your teeth. Two days after a tooth extraction, get back to a good oral care routine.